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Types of Lymphomas: What You Need to Know

Southeast Radiation Oncology Center - Monday, September 25, 2017

More than 170,000 new cases of lymphoma are diagnosed every year in the US, making lymphoma among one of the most common cancers for US patients. Lymphoma is a cancerous condition that affects the lymph system, which is involved in the immune system of the body. In particular, lymphoma affects the lymphocytes: a specific type of white blood cell involved in fighting bodily infections.

At Southeast Radiation Oncology Center, our mission is to help our patients educate themselves and progress in the fight against cancer – so in honor of September being Lymphoma Awareness Month, we want to cover the major types of lymphoma and what you need to know about them.

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas

This group is the most common form of lymphomas, encompassing more than 60 specific conditions. In Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the body produces too many lymphocytes, which can then become stuck in the lymph nodes and cause swollen, but not painful, lymph nodes. Because there are so many subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the prognosis and treatment plan will vary widely from patient to patient. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are further classified based on the type of cell they affect:

  • B-Cell Lymphomas: Accounting for 85% of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in the US, this form of cancer originates in B-cells, which produce antibodies to help you fight foreign cells that enter the body. While there are many sub-groups, B-cell lymphoma is often a fast-growing form of cancer but can be treated in many cases.

  • T-Cell Lymphoma: Making up less than 15% of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, T-cell lymphoma also contains many subtypes, although there are not as common. Some T-cells destroy abnormal cells in the body, while others control the activity of other immune system cells. T-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma can sometimes be classified as a leukemia, depending on the extent to which it affects bone marrow.

Hodgkin's Lymphomas

The rarest forms of lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphomas are marked by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells, a form of giant cancerous cell. There are six subtypes of Hodgkin's lymphoma, each with its own distinct outlook and treatment options. Hodgkin's lymphoma contains a number of unique physiological characteristics, often making it easy to spot under a microscope.

Contact Your Juneau, AK Radiation Oncology Center

Because lymphoma affects the lymph tissue, which is spread through virtually every area of the body, the treatment options and outlook for lymphoma vary greatly from patient to patient – but at Southeast Radiation Oncology Center, we're committed to helping you beat cancer no matter what your situation.

Whether you're facing Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, or any other form of cancer, our world-class team of cancer doctors will work with you to develop a cancer treatment plan and help you overcome your condition. Call us today at 907.586.5762 with any questions, and if you'd like to find out more about how we can help in your specific case, just reach out to us at our contact page


At Southeast Radiation Oncology Center, we know that cancer patients are best served by being treated in close proximity to a support network of family and friends. We offer patients in Southeast Alaska the ability to receive state-of-the-art radiation therapy without the burden of traveling great distances away from home.The information presented on this website is provided to allow our patients to gain more knowledge about our center, our staff, and our services.